To register an adoption, you need to write to the Adoption Authority to request registration of the adoption under Irish law. The application must be accompanied by proof of the foreign adoption. Essentially this is an authenticated copy of the adoption order made in the foreign country. The Authority will require a certified English translation of the adoption order with your application. The Authority examines whether the adoption complies with the definition of a ‘foreign adoption’ contained in Section 1 of the Adoption Act, 1991. Once the Authority is satisfied, an entry can be made in the Register of Intercountry Adoptions.
Once registered, the child’s adoption has the same legal status as if the adoption was made in this country and a new ‘‘birth’’ certificate may be obtained from the Adoption Authority. The certificate issued is not an actual birth certificate but a certified copy of the entry relating to the child in the Register of Intercountry Adoptions.
For legal purposes the adoption certificate has the status of a birth certificate.
Adopting abroad and residing in Ireland
Persons holding a valid Declaration of Eligibility and Suitability from the Adoption Authority and who adopt abroad are obliged by law to apply for an entry in the RICA not later than 3 months after the date when a child first enters the state after his or her intercountry adoption. Note - There are sanctions and penalties for not complying with this requirement.
The main requirement here is to have an Article 23 Certificate from the national central authority in the country of origin.
Adopting and residing outside Ireland
Persons residing outside of Ireland and adopting from in their country of residence or from another country should do so with great care and attention. Irish legislation is quite complex on this matter and you should seek independent legal advice prior to proceeding.
In order to be recognised, the adoption MUST comply with the definition of a ‘foreign’ adoption contained in the 1991 Adoption Act. Note - Not all foreign adoptions are ‘on par’ with Irish adoptions.
Generally speaking, since 1 November 2010, only two types of adoptions are recognised:
- Where the adoption is effected in a foreign state and the adopters are habitually resident in that state (for example adopting in Peru while residing in Peru) OR
- Where the adoption is effected in accordance with the terms and conditions of the 1993 Hague Convention.
Click this link to apply for an entry in the Application for Register of Intercountry Adoptions.
Looking for a copy of an entry in the Register of Intercountry Adoptions
If an entry in the Register of Intercountry Adoptions is granted, persons can then apply for a copy of an entry. There is a charge for this service:
- 1 Copy (including search fee of €2.00) - €10.00
- 2 Copies (including search fee of €2.00) - €18.00
- 3 Copies (including search fee of €2.00) - €26.00